Greeting Children – A Beautiful Sunnah

Greeting Children – A Beautiful Sunnah

kidsAnas (Radiyallahu Anhu) reported that he passed by some children and greeted them and said: “The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) use to do this.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Meaning of this Hadith

Greeting children that have reach the age of understanding and older is from the pure Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), but sadly it has become a common practice amongst people nowadays not to greet any children by means of disregarding them. This opposes and contradicts the teachings of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) as he would greet children and elderly alike.

Benefits derived from this Hadith

1)  Keenness of the Sahaaba to follow the Sunnah in every matter. Allah Almighty says: “Indeed in the Messenger of Allah Almighty (Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah Almighty.” – [Surah 33 Verse 21]

2)  It encourages humility and not giving us a reason to have pride by belittling those who are younger than us. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “And Allah Almighty increases His slave in honor when he forgives others.  And no one humbles himself before Allah Almighty but Allah Almighty will raise him in status.” – [Muslim]

3)  Instilling good character in children. When they see adults greeting them, they will inhabit this practice from a very young age of greeting others.

4)  This act of greeting children brings love and affection in the heart of the child. The child loves it when a person greets him or her and becomes extremely pleased especially if it is from someone older. This sometimes results in them not forgetting it.

Therefore it is essential for us to greet children if we pass by children playing in the streets, malls or sitting and selling things etc. This will bring about many benefits and not to mention following a beautiful Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).

And Allah Almighty knows best.

Compiled By: Sh Khalid Abduroaf

The Uninvited Guest

The Uninvited Guest

The uninvited guest

Abu Mas’ud al-Badri said: “A man invited the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) to a meal he had prepared for five people. Another man followed them. When he reached the door, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon him) said: ‘This man has followed us. If you like, you can give him permission, and if you like, he will go back.’ He (the host) said: ‘I give him permission Oh Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon him).” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation of this Hadith

A man invited the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) to a meal he had prepared for five people i.e. the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) and four others. Someone then followed them which made them six. When they arrived at the host’s house, the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) asked the host to either give the sixth person permission or the person will go back. He (the host) then gave permission for the sixth person to join them.

Benefits derived from this Hadith

  • 1) It is allowed when inviting people to specify a number and there is no harm or awkwardness in doing so. We find this today on many wedding invitations, where the host writes down the number of guests invited as ‘admit’. There are those that say if we specify a number on the invitation then we are stingy. However, it might just be that the host is poor and needs to specify a number so that he does not burden himself with more than what he can afford to offer for the occasion.
  • 2) It is also allowed for a person to follow a person or a group of people who are invited, for the reason of attaining food. This is evident in the Hadith as the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) did not stop the sixth person from following him, but the final decision still rests with the host on whether or not the follower is allowed to join in the meal.
  • 3) In this Hadith there is evidence to show that if someone comes with you that were not invited; you should obtain permission for that person to join, especially if you are not sure if the host invited you for a specific reason that only concerns the two of you.
  • 4) There is also proof from this Hadith that there is no harm or awkwardness from the side of the host if he does not give permission for the follower to join them. The reason is because if there was any harm in doing so, the Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) would not have asked permission from the host for the sixth person to join them. This serves as proof that the host has a choice to either permit him to join or send him away.
  • 5) There should also be no discomfort if you asked someone permission to visit him or her and that person refused by saying: “Please return home as I am busy at the moment”. The host has the choice either to permit you to enter or to ask you to leave.

Unlike some people, if they seek permission to visit and the person says: “Please return home as I am busy at the moment” they feel upset and uncomfortable. One should try not to have such type of ill feelings. We must remember that people have duties and responsibilities in there homes. It might be that they have other matters to see too. One should rather condition oneself to leave with all ease and comfort as this is more pure for us as Allah Almighty says: “And if it is said to you, “Go back”, then go back; it is purer for you.” [Quran 24:28]

Compiled By: Sh. Khalid Abduroaf (LLB Shariah Law - Islamic University of Madinah)

The Forgotten Sunnah – Standing in the Rain

The Forgotten Sunnah – Standing in the Rain 

An unusual sound penetrated my train of thought as I sat studying at my desk. I looked up pensively from my book and a few moments passed before I realised that what I was hearing was the sound of pouring rain. A sound so common back in my hometown,Cape Town, was now so foreign to me in the desert city of Madinah.

I rushed out onto the balcony to admire the rainfall. As I stood, witnessing Allah’s answer to the prayers of the community, a strange sight caught my eye down below. A man, instead of running for cover, walked calmly to and into his building. He reappeared shortly carrying a chair. Still in a state of composure, he placed thechair out in the pouring rain and just sat down! He appeared to be enjoying the sensation of the raindrops falling on his skin. I was intrigued.

Back home, many people become grumpy at the first sign of rain or run frantically from it when it catches them unawares. I just kept staring. I then made an intention to find out more about what I had witnessed and soon discovered that spending time in the rain was a practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and His Companions (may Allah honour them), based on these findings:

It is Sunnah (A practice of the Prophet (pbuh)) to stand in the rain and to expose a portion of your body to it.

Its narrated by Imaam Muslim in his authentic compilation from the hadith of Anas, He said: It rained upon us as we were with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) unveiled his garment (from a part of his body) until the rain fell on him. We said: Messenger of Allah, why did you do this? He said: Because it (the rainfall) has just come from the Exalted Lord.

And Haakim in his book Al-Mustadrak narrates this hadith with the following words: “When the rain came down from the heavens He (The Prophet May peace be upon him) used to remove his garment from his back until the rain fell on it (his back).”

The scholars have taken proof from this hadith that it is Sunnah (recommended) to expose your body and clothing to the falling rain. Out of happiness that Allah is sending down his blessing and moreover rejoicing that its falling down on us.

And the meaning of the phrase: “Because it (the rainfall) has just come from the Exalted Lord.” is mentioned in the explanation of Sahih Muslim of Imaam Nawawiy by saying: That the rainfall is a mercy which Allah has just created, therefore use it as a blessing.

Imaam Ashafi’ee mentions in his book Al-Umm: It is narrated by Ibn Abbaas (RA): That the rain fell from the heavens so he told his servant to bring out his mattress and saddle so that the rain may fall on it. Abu Jawzaa’ then asked Ibn Abbas: Why are you doing that, may Allah have mercy on you? He (Ibn Abbas) then said: Do you not read the book of Allah: “And we have sent down from the heavens water that is blessed” [Surah 50, Verse 9], Therefore I would like the blessing to fall (incur) on it.

Scholars of jurisprudence have mention the following regarding standing in the rain:

1. The Sunnah of exposing oneself to the rain can be obtained by unveiling any portion of one’s body no matter how small the portion may be like one’s head or arms.

 2. One should not expose one’s Awrah.

3. It is recommended by some scholars to take Wudu (ablution) and Ghusl (wash) from the rainfall. And they based their deduction on the following Hadith: It is narrated from the Prophet (may peace be upon him) that when stream used to flow he (Prophet) would say: “Leave with us to that which Allah has made pure so that we may purify ourselves from it and praise Allah most exalted.”

Imaam Albayhaqee states that this is a narration from Umar (may Allah honour him) and not from the Prophet (may peace be upon him).

Imaam Nawawiy also mentions in Al-Majmoo’ that: “Its recommended that when the gorge flows (with rain water) to perform wudu (ablution) and ghusl (washing) from it. And if he or she is not able to do both then at least to perform wudu (ablution) from it.

And Allah knows best

Compiled by Sh. Khalid Abduroaf

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Jumu’ah on the roof top of the Prophet’s (SAW) Mosque

Domes at the North facing side of The Prophet (SAW) Mosque

Making things easier and giving glad tidings to others

Making things easier and giving glad tidings

Anas bin Malik narrates that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) has said: “Treat people with ease and do not be hard on them; give them glad tidings and do not make them run away (from Islam).” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Meaning of the Hadith

“Treat people with ease”, means that we should treat every human being, including ourselves, in a very amicable and cordial manner. We should pursue matters that are easy and simple irrespective of whether it’s to do with your own actions or your dealings with others. Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) narrates: “Whenever the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was given the choice of one of two matters; he would choose the easier of the two as long as it was not sinful to do so.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

Therefore one should try choosing the easier matter in all circumstances and conditions because this is what Allah Almighty wants from us as Allah Almighty indicates in the Holy Quraan: “Allah Almighty intends ease for you, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.” (S 2: V 185)

An example of this would be, if there were two paths to a Mosque. One path has many stones and thorns on it which makes it very hard to walk along; whereas the second path is much smoother and easier to walk along. Therefore the second path is better to pursue than the first because it easier. What is important to remember is that everything that is easier is more appropriate as long as there is no sin in doing it. This can be understood from the aforementioned narration of Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha).

With regards to Ibaadah, if it is not attainable except by putting yourself in hardship then this hardship that you endure whilst performing this act of worship increases your reward. However, if you put yourself in hardship and there is an easier alternative then this action would be going against that which is best.

Look at fasting, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “The people will continue to prosper as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast” and in another narration “delay the breakfast of the fasting day”. The reason for this is because by delaying the breakfast it not only makes it easy but it also enables a person to have energy for a longer period in the day in comparison to having breakfast at night before or long before sunrise.

“And do not be hard on them” meaning; do not pursue the rigid path, not in your worship nor in your dealings with other. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) saw a man standing in the sun. He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) enquired about this person. The Sahaabah said: “Oh Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) he is fasting and made a vow to stand in the sun whilst fasting.” So the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) forbade this man from doing this and said: “Do not stand in the sun” (Bukhari) because that causes hardship and difficulty on a person.

“And give glad tidings” meaning; always give glad tiding to yourself and others. Therefore if we have carried out a pious action then we should rejoice and be happy that Allah Almighty will accept our action on condition that we have feared Allah Almighty whilst achieving that pious action. Allah Almighty says: “Verily, Allah Almighty accepts only from those who are Pious.” (S 5: V 27). When we make Dua to Allah Almighty, we should express joy and be pleased that Allah Almighty will answer our supplication. Allah Almighty says: “Ask Me and I will answer you.” (S 40: V 60)

Likewise, to give glad tidings to others is also considered as a means of reward. If a person comes to us saying “I done this that and the other” and their actions were gratifying, or felt disturb, give them glad tidings so that their spirits may liven up. Even when visiting the sick, say unto them: “Have good hope” or “Don’t worry this is a cleansing for you” and mention to them the reward of patience and enlighten them with glad tidings by saying: “Today your face looks much better” etc. When we say these things it brings great joy to them and in return to you.

“And do not make them run away” meaning; do not chase people away from doing good deeds but rather encourage and motivate them. Chasing people away from performing good deeds can be done directly and indirectly. We all are aware of examples as to how direct chasing away works. However, indirectly eradicating people away from worship is by prolonging the Salaah more than what is mentioned in the Sunnah. This explanation is elucidated clearly in Bukhari. It is also narrated in a Hadith by Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “If anyone of you leads the people in the prayer, he should shorten it. For amongst them are the weak, the sick and the old. And if anyone among you prays alone then he may prolong (the prayer) as much as he wishes.” (Bukhari)

In conclusion, we can undoubtedly understand the following benefits derived from this Hadith:

  1. Islam encourages easiness.
  2. We should frequently give glad tidings.
  3. We should not chase people away from Islam.
  4. We should at all times take into account the condition of others before dealing with them.

Compiled By: Sh. Khalid Abduroaf (LLB Shariah Law – Islamic University of Madinah)

The Man That Killed 99 People

The man that killed 99 people

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wassallam) said:

“There was a man from among a nation before you who killed ninety-nine people and then made an inquiry about the most learned person on the earth. He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine people and asked him if there was any chance for his repentance to be accepted. He replied in the negative and the man killed him also completing one hundred.

He then asked about the most learned man in the earth. He was directed to a scholar. He told him that he had killed one hundred people and asked him if there was any chance for his repentance to be accepted. He replied in the affirmative and asked, `Who stands between you and repentance? Go to such and such land; there (you will find) people devoted to prayer and worship of Allah, join them in worship, and do not come back to your land because it is an evil place.’

So he went away and hardly had he covered half the distance when death overtook him; and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of torment. The angels of mercy pleaded, ‘This man has come with a repenting heart to Allah,’ and the angels of punishment argued, ‘He never did a virtuous deed in his life.’ Then there appeared another angel in the form of a human being and the contending angels agreed to make him arbiter between them. He said, `Measure the distance between the two lands. He will be considered belonging to the land to which he is nearer.’ They measured and found him closer to the land (land of piety) where he intended to go, and so the angels of mercy collected his soul”. [Al Bukhari and Muslim]

 

Benefits derived from this Hadith:

1. It does not matter how great the sins of the servant of Allah is, the doors of touba (repentance) is always open. As Allah says in the Holy Quran Say: “O ‘Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily, Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Chapter 39 Verse 53]

2. To give up hope on the mercy of Allah increases one in the disobedience of Allah as the man in the hadith killed the worshiper as he lost hope in the mercy of Allah and completing by it the hundred.

3. To give verdicts (fatwa) without knowledge can be the cause of your destruction and the destruction of others.

4. The one that is seeking legal verdicts should approach learned scholars and not just any pious person without any knowledge.

5. Pious companionship aids to the obedience of Allah.

6. The eagerness of the Angels to fulfill the commandments of Allah.

7. The one that seeks repentance should leave the evil place he is in, in order that he doesn’t fall in the same sin again.

8. Actions are judged by its endings. I ask Allah to grant us pious endings Ameen.

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